Yay! we’re finally there! A Persian rug consists of layers of knots, heavy weight weft and lightweight weft. Oh.. and cutting.. very important!
I hope you’ll excuse the crappy drawing, but I hope it conveys the difference between the knots. The left is the Tabriz style knot (for which you need a hook), and on the right you can see the Fars style knot. They are both fine, but the Fars style is harder to do for smaller projects, and therefore the finest of the Persian rugs are made using the Tabriz style (because of the hook). The double loop (on the left) also makes for a more square shaped (pixel like) knot.
congratulations! you’ve just tied your first knot! Now finish the first layer!
When you’ve finished the first layer the first thing you need to do is to make sure all of your knots are secure. You can do this by pulling (on both ends!!) with your hands. You just grab the ends (with both hands, thumb and index finger) and pull. When you’ve pulled on all the ends you need to beat them flat.
Remember that there are 50 layers in 7 cm, so make sure you don’t beat them too gently or to hard.
While you work on the knots you may notice that the warp is being pulled close together (because of the knots). You can see how the heavy weft pulls them apart again and opens up the space between the warp threads once more.
When you’re done with the weft and the beating it’s time to cut the ends. This is by far the hardest part of the entire process. It’s crucial that you don’t cut the fiber too short! It’s really not a big deal if you leave them too long, or if you don’t cut them perfectly even, there are ways (find your local Persian rug shop) to shear the top layer, resulting in a perfectly even rug. But if you cut your ends too short you won’t really be able to fix it.
Let me know if you’re in the Netherlands and you’d like to see the weaving/ knotting in live action 🙂